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The 5 Elements of Effective Marketing Planning

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The quality of marketing planning often determines the success or failure of a product; sometimes, even, the future of a company. To give your marketing plan a solid foundation, we recommend that you give due consideration to the following five building components:

  1. Analysis
  2. Goals
  3. Strategy
  4. Implementation
  5. Review

1. Strategic Analysis

At the core of the strategic analysis is the existing scenario in which the company, product or service is operating. Key issues that must be dealt with comprehensively are:

  • Market analysis: What is the market potential of the product or service?
  • Customer analysis: What is the target group(s) in question, and what is their buying behavior?
  • Competitor analysis: What competitors are operating on the market and how do they operate?
  • Competitive advantages: What makes your offer stand out from others? What is your unique selling point/unique value proposition?

2. Setting Goals

What goals do you wish to achieve as a company or with your offering? Here we distinguish between:

  • Financial goals: goals easily measurable with “hard” data, e.g. sales growth, market share or return
  • Goals relating to your market and customers: goals that are difficult to measure using data, e.g. customer satisfaction, capacity for innovation, the organization’s customer orientation, employee engagement and satisfaction, winning new customers or corporate image

Do not rely on financial goals alone, since in most cases, there is a delayed reaction to worsening figures. Goals relating to your market and customers (e.g. decreasing customer satisfaction) are often early indicators of a change.

3. Choosing a Strategy

A strategy describes the way you will achieve the goals you have already set and develops a competitive advantage. Porter’s competition matrix defines three basic strategies:

  • Differentiation through quality and service
  • Cost leadership by gaining a price advantage
  • Specialization in niche markets not previously served

4. Strategy Implementation (marketing mix)

Strategy implementation is the most costly step in the marketing planning process and often requires considerable human resources. The four cornerstones of a marketing mix are:

  • Product policy
  • Pricing policy
  • Distribution policy
  • Communications policy

The previously determined marketing budget is then split up between these instruments. The goal is to achieve the strategy as efficiently and successfully as possible.

5. Performance Review

The vital “last” step in a marketing plan is performance review, which checks the extent to which the marketing instruments are helping to achieve the goals set:
  • Shortcomings in the implementation can be detected early.
  • Teams’ performance can be checked and optimized
  • In the case of deviations from the set profitability ratios for products, markets, segments, customers, distribution channels, etc., counter-measures can be taken or the marketing mix adjusted accordingly
All of this is obviously of key importance – in theory. But what should a marketing plan for your company look like in practice? While many companies still resort to spreadsheet software such as Excel, there are now many specialized software solutions that do the job. In our article from the “Marketing Planning” series, we take a closer look at the most important criteria to consider when selecting marketing software.


A marketing strategy is a high-level approach that outlines the overall direction and goals for marketing efforts, while marketing tactics are the specific actions and techniques used to implement the strategy. For example, a marketing strategy might focus on expanding into a new target market, while the tactics could include social media marketing, search engine optimization, and other specific activities to reach that market.

Creating a marketing plan requires understanding your target audience, setting clear marketing objectives, and defining the marketing activities that will help you achieve those objectives. Utilizing a marketing plan template can be a helpful starting point, allowing you to outline your marketing strategies, marketing plans, and budget. Don't forget to align your marketing plan with your business goals and include key performance indicators to measure success.

Improving a social media marketing plan involves assessing your current efforts and identifying areas for growth. Consider your target market and content strategy, and ensure that your content aligns with your audience's interests. Utilizing social media marketing tools and marketing automation can help streamline your efforts. Regularly reviewing and adjusting your plan based on performance metrics is key to ongoing success.

A digital marketing plan template provides a structured framework for outlining your marketing strategies, marketing plans, and marketing efforts. It can save time and ensure consistency across your marketing teams. Many templates also include sections for market research, types of marketing plans, content marketing strategies, and a breakdown of marketing plan cost, helping you create a comprehensive and tailored plan for your business.

Aligning marketing goals with business objectives requires a clear understanding of your company's overall mission and market development strategy. Start by defining your business objectives and then develop marketing goals that directly support those objectives. Whether it's increasing brand awareness or boosting sales, your marketing activities should be designed to contribute to the broader success of the business.

Bottom-up marketing strategies focus on building campaigns from the ground up, often starting with market research and a deep understanding of the customer. This approach contrasts with top-down marketing strategies, which typically begin with a high-level concept and then work down to the specifics. Effective bottom-up strategies might include engaging with customers on social media, creating targeted content marketing, and offering personalized experiences based on customer feedback.

Creating your own marketing plan involves a thorough analysis of your business, target audience, and marketing objectives. Start by conducting market research to understand your customers' needs and preferences. Then, outline your marketing strategies, marketing plans, and specific marketing activities that align with your goals. Consider using a free marketing plan template as a starting point, and customize it to fit your entire marketing plan, including budget, timeline, and key performance indicators.